Anti-Dumping Injury Inquiries
Anti-dumping and countervailing duties are concerned with two types of unfair trading practices: dumping and subsidizing. Dumping occurs when foreign producers sell their goods in the Canadian market for less than the price in their home markets. Subsidizing refers to the provision of financial or other support by foreign governments to their producers to reduce their costs of production. These practices may result in imports flooding the Canadian market at low prices and harming Canadian competitors. Complaints about dumping and subsidizing are filed with the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA). If the CBSA finds that imports are being dumped or subsidized, the Canadian International Trade Tribunal inquires to determine whether they are injurious to a domestic industry. If injurious, then anti-dumping or countervailing duties apply to the imports for an initial period of approximately five years, unless rescinded early, for example, because it would be in the public interest or there has been a material change in circumstances. The period of assessment of duties may be extended through a process known as an expiry review. For more information, see Anti-Dumping Injury Inquiries: A Descriptive Guide.